An introduction to filariasis more commonly known as elephantiasis

Fine needle aspiration of the growth was performed. Genital elephantiasis, also known as esthiomene, is a rare, dramatic end result of lymphatic obstruction. Describe the mosquito phase of filaria worm.

Irrespective of the etiology, the basic process remains the same, that is, permanent obstruction of lymphatic channels lymphatic stasis stimulation of growth of fibroblasts destruction of lymph nodes lymphedema and elephantiasis [ 8 ]. It is characterised by gross enlargement of the particular body part.

On general physical examination, the patient was afebrile and there was no lymphadenopathy. However, the arms, vulva, breasts and scrotum causing hydrocele formation can also be affected. Success in will be achieved if patients have access to the following minimum package of care: The adult parasite, in turn, produces more microfilariae.

Filarial elephantiasis of the female genitalia is extremely uncommon and is reported infrequently as isolated case reports [ 3 ]. There was patchy cellular infiltrate consisting of lymphocytes, plasma cells, and eosinophils.

The dermis and subcutis showed dense collagenization and contained numerous dilated lymphatics Figure 1. Fibroepithelial polyp was considered as another possible differential diagnosis. A clinical diagnosis of fibrolipoma was suggested.

Later this larva undergoes first moulting and grows into a slender elongated second-stage larva. It is difficult to make the diagnosis on histopathology alone, more so in view of the fact that the parasite is usually not identified in tissue sections.

The worms can live for approximately 6—8 years and, during their life time, produce millions of microfilariae immature larvae that circulate in the blood. It was also known as satyriasis, sarcocele, or leontiasis. Therefore, the identification of intact worm in tissue sections is doubtful.

Vulval elephantiasis due to filariasis is rare. The parasite can often live in the body for years without symptoms, and many of the chronic sufferers with the most severe symptoms tend to be adults, leading many scientists to believe that the disease is usually contracted in childhood and exacts damage slowly over a period of years.

Vulval Elephantiasis: A Case Report

The patient was a migrant from Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. The swelling had been present for 2 years, slowly increasing to its present size.

The majority of infections are asymptomatic, showing no external signs of infection while contributing to transmission of the parasite.

Further epidemiological data reviewed since, indicate that preventive chemotherapy was not required in 10 countries. The rare condition of vulval elephantiasis has been reported to be caused by a variety of etiologies like lymphatic filariasis, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, and tuberculous lymphadenitis.

It is used to reduce transmission of lymphatic filariasis and other mosquito-borne infections. Case Presentation An year-old, unmarried female presented with the complaint of low grade fever on and off and a perineal swelling. These patients are not only physically disabled, but suffer mental, social and financial losses contributing to stigma and poverty.

Mosquito vector for disease transmission in humans is Culex quinquefasciatus for bancroftian filariasis, whereas the genus Mansonoides for brugian filariasis [ 7 ].

Other possible differential diagnoses were excluded, and ancillary tests were performed to reach a conclusive diagnosis of vulval elephantiasis on histopathology. Death of the worm, however, leads to progressive fibrosis, obliteration of vessels by granuloma, thrombi formation, and extensive perilymphangitis resulting in irreversible lymphatic damage.

Seven additional countries have successfully implemented recommended strategies, stopped large-scale treatment and are under surveillance to demonstrate that elimination has been achieved. In over million people were infected, with about 40 million disfigured and incapacitated by the disease.

A basic, recommended package of care can alleviate suffering and prevent further disability among people living with disease caused by lymphatic filariasis. Found mainly in tropical and sub-tropical climates, the disease is caused by the thread-like parasitic filarial worms Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi, which live in the lymphatic system and can cause extreme swelling of the extremities and genitals.Sep 06,  · Lymphatic filariasis, more commonly known as elephantiasis, is a disease caused by parasitic thread like roundworms.

Lymphatic filariasis is estimated to be one of 10 Category. Genital elephantiasis, also known as esthiomene, is a rare, dramatic end result of lymphatic obstruction.

Although mainly associated with filariasis and sexually transmitted diseases such as lymphogranuloma venereum and donovanosis, it could also be an uncommon complication of tubercular lymphadenitis [ 1.

Introduction FILARIASIS- Parasitic and infectious disease caused by filarial nematode worms. The commonly used method to diagonise filariasis includes- A CDC PHOTO of Lymphatic filariasis (LF), also known as elephantiasis because of the shape of the infected legs caused by the worm Wuchereria Bancroft that is spread by infected mosquitoes.

Lymphatic Filariasis

Introduction. Lymphatic Filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, infects an estimated 67 million people in 80 countries worldwide, and is an extremely painful, debilitating and disfiguring disease.

Sep 20,  · INTRODUCTION. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a vector-borne disease of the tropical and subtropical countries due to infection by filarial worms, which invade the lymphatics of humans initiating pathological changes leading to later filarial disease manifestations.

I did my report on filariasis, which is more commonly known as elephantiasis. Elephantiasis is the late phase of filariasis. Filariasis is a tropical mosquito born parasitic disease causing obstruction of the lymph vessels.

In some people the presence of the worm causes a tissue reaction th.

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An introduction to filariasis more commonly known as elephantiasis
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